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Sep.07 Exodus Study

Categories: Exodus Study,News




Who Is Like the Lord? part b”


I.) Intro.

II.) Vs. 1-11 A prideful snare

III.) Vs. 12-20 Eaten out of house and home

IV.) Vs. 21-29 Light and darkness



The 9th chapter revealed how God in His grace warned Pharaoh and the Egyptians of the consequences of their rebellion. In the 20th and 21st verses we are told that some “feared the word of the Lord” and some did not “regard the word of the Lord”. In verses 23-25 we are told the severity of destruction upon the land of Egypt, specifically those who had not regarded the “word of the Lord”. It is here that I think that we can learn a few things about true repentance:

  1. True repentance recognizes the benefit of obedience before the event not after. Those who feared the word of the Lord obeyed the word of the Lord and saw that the benefits of obedience far out weighed the fruit of disobedience. God had shown Himself as a God who would keep His Word, if He said that hail was going to come down it was a coming. There are those people who wait until it starts falling before they act. Verse 25 says that the hail came upon man and beast but I wonder how many men were destroyed as they tried to save beast? I’m always amazed at those people who when offered a chance to respond to God’s grace choose rather to wait until they sow some more sin thinking that they will have a further opportunity to get right with God. There are many carcass’ in the fields of procrastination!

  2. Second, any confession that does not lead to obedience is not sincere. In Pharaoh’s confession of verse 27 we see his continued response of verse 35 it is obvious that he was not sincere. It is again startling how many folks; in jail have some sort of religious confession only to re-nig upon it after they are released. This week we will conclude the plagues or blows against Egypt and again see how Pharaoh reacts to these opportunities to get right with God.

II.) Vs. 1-11 A prideful snare

Vs. 1 Three times we are told in Exodus that Pharaoh hardened his heart and six times we are told that the Lord did. The word that is recorded for Pharaoh’s hardening is means to rebel or to be resistant, while the word that is used of the Lord hardening Pharaoh’s heart means to make stiff or to firm up. The word of the Lord firmed up Pharaoh’s heart against God’s word. That is what happens when we have a hard heart; God’s word comes in and we resist it. The more we hear it the more we resolve to not listen. What is even more tragic is that it was God’s word of grace that stiffened Pharaoh’s resolve to not respond. Yet even though Pharaoh was not responding to God’s grace and the Word of the Lord, it was still fulfilling His purpose. God was manifesting His nature through the Word as well as through the plagues, one was through His grace the other through judgment but either way He was making Himself known. Back in chapter 5 Pharaoh was given the opportunity to respond to God’s revelation of Himself to which Pharaoh replied, “Who is the Lord.” For 5 chapters God has been showing Pharaoh just who He is. But not only has Pharaoh been learning, who He is, everybody else has been as well.

Vs. 2-3 To illustrate His point, God shares with Moses how these plagues were working two separate ways depending upon the willingness of the heart.

  1. Vs. 2 To the Israelite’s and their descendants God’s signs were a continual reminder of Who their God was. God was giving His people the opportunity to experience His power. Their yet unborn children are benefiting from their struggle and faith. As the preceding generations needed to step out in faith they would recall how God had showed them that He was for them. Further more, they were going to be able to share how God was faithful to them even when they were not faithful. In fact, that story has been told even today through the Passover celebration.

  2. Vs. 3-6 To Pharaoh they were a warning to humble himself. The problem with Pharaoh is the problem with most of us at times, pride in the heart. He simply did not want to give in to God. This is the first of three question posed to Pharaoh, this one by Moses, the second two are recorded in verse 7 from his officers:

  1. How long shall this man be a snare to us?”

  2. Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not yet know that Egypt is destroyed?”

Think of the boldness this took to confront the most powerful ruler in the world who was thought of as a god. Pride is a terrible thing as it effects all it comes into contact with. Every time we resist the word of the Lord in our lives we are being proud. Notice here that humility was to shone by action and not just words. Pharaoh had said he had blown it but to God that was not humbling himself before God. No, it took the action of letting His people go.

Vs. 4-6 Moses plainly reveals to Pharaoh the consequences of a refusal of humbling himself:

  1. Vs. 4-5a So many locusts that they will not be able to see the ground. Locusts were feared for their ability to utterly destroy crops in a few minutes. In the Bible they are a symbol of divine judgment.

  2. Vs. 5b They would eat what was left from the hail. So the locusts ate the crops that had not been destroyed by the hail.

  3. Vs. 6 They would fill their houses.

As you look at the effects of this plague it is obvious that if we become hard hearted to the point of Pharaoh that our pride will cloud us tell we will not be able to move, sustain our lives or find any rest. That’s what pride will do if we refuse to humble ourselves, it will so consume us like locusts upon the earth.

Vs. 7 The three questions addressing Pharaoh’s pride. The first dwelt with the effects of pride upon Pharaoh himself. Here what are in view are the effects of pride upon others.

  1. Pharaoh’s pride was effecting others. His own servants are growing tired of Pharaoh’s pride. Pharaoh was still trying to control but in his attempt to do so it was not only wiping him out it was destroying those around him. Even these servants saw the practicality of obedience at this stage of the game. Seven plagues have come and gone, which have attacked them as well and facing the further destruction of disobedience. What they are responding to is not the goodness of God but rather the power of God to judge.

  2. Lastly, they remind him that his pride has destroyed the land. How foolish we are when we refuse to surrender to the Lord? Pride had effected Pharaoh, it had effected those around him, and Lastly it had destroyed every thing that he so loved.

Vs. 8-11 Look at Pharaoh’s attempt to get Moses to compromises here. “Who are the ones that are going? “Hey, Moses you can go but these little ones here they got to stay.” Moses refuses to compromise, “If we go they go!” I’m reminded of the words of Joshua, “As far me & my house we will serve the Lord.” “The Lord had better be with you, when I let your little ones go.” Pharaoh says, “Letting your kids go is evil.” Why put them in jeopardy out in the wilderness?

Vs. 11 Look at this: “Not so! Go now you who are men..” Pharaoh is saying you don’t believe me go head those of you who are men go ahead and take your kids. Satan is always trying to place those seeds of doubt. The one that is doing all the threatening is a liar!

III.) Vs. 12-20 Eaten out of house & home

Vs. 12-15 Look at the contrast of Moses next to Pharaoh everything that the Lord tells him to do he obeys. So he takes up the rod of the Word of the Lord and God works. Locusts in the Bible were especially feared in that they were an agrarian society. Especially in Egypt, they prayed to Seth the god that was suppose to protect the crops. Prophetically locusts always represent judgment. Egypt and Seth being judged three ways:

  1. First they covered so much of the land that they darkened the earth. Which shows us what pride will do in your life it will keep you from being able to freely move around. These guys were hemmed in as was Pharaoh by his own refusal to humble himself before the Lord.

  2. Second, the locusts ate every source of food that had remained after the hail. They destroyed every green thing. Pride destroys our lives! The things that sustains us is wiped out when we cling to pride instead of humbling ourselves before the Lord.

  3. Lastly, as we saw they filled their house, in other words because of pride there would be no peace or rest in their houses. If we are at each other’s throats, it’s because we refuse to surrender your lives over to the Lord.

Vs. 16-20 Now this prayer of repentance looks good on the outside. He repents of his sin against God and man, then he even asks for forgiveness. But all Pharaoh does here is say the words that would end the out come of his actions. Godly sorrow leads to repentance, but true repentance will be seen in a changed heart that will continue. Obedience to the word of the Lord is not an option. What’s amazing to me is that the Lord because of His grace and mercy allows Moses to again intercede for Pharaoh only to see him harden his heart. Because God is gracious we ought not think that for as Peter reminds us in 2 Peter “The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.” So many think that God will not judge because he has not yet done so. Paul reminds us again in Rom. 2: 4-5 “Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance? But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God,”

IV.) Vs. 21-29 Light and darkness

Vs. 21-23 Eventually if we remain in our pride darkness will surround us. This plague came against their chief god Ra the sun god. It was to him that counted on to have the sun rise and fall. The effects of this darkness are described as:

  1. Darkness that may be felt: I have been down into Mercer Caverns as well as Moaning Caverns and in both of these cave they like to get you way down there then they turn out all the lights. Man is that ever a weird experience, it is best described as a darkness that you can feel.

  2. Second it was described as a darkness that would last three days. In 1 John we are told that God is light and in Him there is no darkness at all. So this was a time when the presence of the Lord was removed from the land of Egypt. When it was dark there would have been nothing as to remind them of who the true God was. Pharaoh had said he did not know who God was so He removes His presence.

  3. Thirdly, it was a darkness that kept them from fellowship with one another. When God is not present in our lives fellowship with our fellow man is broken. That’s why I always start in marriage counseling by asking where their relationships are with the Lord.

  4. Lastly, they were able to see light only in the house of those who were Israelite’s. Can you imagine what that would do to you knowing that you could be inside enjoying the fellowship with those were basking in the light and you were not there because of your own pride?

That describes what hell will be like, for those who refuse to humble themselves and instead die in their pride. Three times in Matthew Jesus, describes hell as outer darkness. The land of Egypt lay in darkness the same amount of time that Jesus would remain in the tomb.

Vs. 24-26 Again Pharaoh tries to make a deal this time you can take your children but leave the animals. But no compromise with Moses it’s all out obedience.

Vs. 27-28 A final warning from Pharaoh to Moses to which he agrees. Look at how pride has defeated Pharaoh. “The day you see me you shall die.” Why wait after the hail to destroy your life, the locust’s have eaten every thing, why wait until darkness surrounds you and it your about ready to breath your last. Never let pride keep you from fellowship with the Lord!