Living to make God famous!

Stay up to date with all our teachings, study notes, and future events.

Oct.26 Exodus Study

Categories: Exodus Study,News





New Surroundings by Joy”


I.) Intro.

II.) Vs. 1-17 A song for the past, present and future

III.) Vs. 18-21 Let’s dance to the music

IV.) Vs. 22-27 How did that song go again?



In chapter 15, victory is won by the Lord and the people break forth in spontaneous praise to the Lord. Yet, by the end of the chapter, three days out, they are singing a different song. Folks, I can relate to that. I’m normally an up beat guy; I kind of always see the glass ½ full instead of ½ empty. But there are occasions where I doubt the Lord’s faithfulness and become a pessimist. I remember talking to a person one time and was encouraging them not to be so pessimistic to which they replied, “I’m not a pessimist, I’m a realist!” God forbid that we should stop praising the Lord because things don’t work out the way we think they should, that’s not our prayer any way. Instead we ought to praise Him because they are going to work out the way He wants them to!

II.) Vs. 1-17 A song for the past, present and future

As we break apart this song sung while at the sea there are several important things to remember.

  1. It was a song according to verse 1 that Moses wrote and instituted and the Israelites only followed the example of Moses. Moses starts out with the first words of the song, “I will sing, to the Lord.” At the start Moses declares what He will do and to whom He is going to do it. The response to this was that the children of Israel sang it as well. But what they needed to learn was that they were to sing this song not only the seashore of victory but also through the desert of dryness!

  2. It was a song that affirmed their trust in God. This song seeks not just to record the blessing of victory over the Egyptians. It seeks to use that victory as a basis of continual trust in the Lord who “will fight for you..” (14:14). In fact, it will serve as the division of this song. Verses 1-13 are past and present tense expressions. Seven times in those verse you read the words “has” and “were”, all affirmations of what God HAD done on their behalf. Then in verses 14-17 the song switches to the future tense as eight times in five verses the word “will” is used. Clearly, this was a song that had a pointed message, “The victory won over the enemy here and now assures the future victory.” God’s whole plan to start with was not just to lead them out of bondage it was to lead them to the land He had promised to their forefathers, (3:8). Phase one of that plan had now been accomplished and they needed to realize that He Who accomplished phase one would with equal success accomplish phase two!

  3. Lastly, it was a song that would be called back time and again in the future. In many ways this incident and the song that it inspired became a sort of national anthem. It is mentioned or eluded to 15 times in the Psalms and 12 times in the prophets. Even in the future it will be sung as we read in Rev. 15:3 that during the great tribulation it will be sung as an encouragement to the tribulation believers. To remind them of God’s continual faithfulness. The song assures Israel as well as us of what God can do based upon the knowledge of what He has already done. By His strength, He has deliver us from bondage. And more then that bring us to the land to which He has promised. Or as Col. 1:13 puts it, “He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,”

Vs. 1-13 A song of God’s past and present work!

Vs. 1-2 Verse 1 is the chorus which was latter, (vs. 20-21), picked up by Moses sister who is by now 90 + years old. What a seen this must have been of see this 90-year lady dance to the Lord. Verse 1-2 starts with and then is repeated eight times in this song, the use of the first person pronouns, (I and my). That tells us that the song was meant to be sung personally. “The Lord is my strength and song,” Etc. God’s deliverance is viewed through the understanding of His character. In other words, because of Who God is by nature He had to act! He threw the rider into the sea because He is “strength, salvation, Jehovah”. Jehovah, by the way is used 12 times in this song. So putting this together this song is to remind us of our Dad who is always acting on our behalf.

Vs. 3-8 The events that had just transpired are poetically described. Even though Moses sings this song with a view to the natural destruction of Pharaoh and his army, (drown by the sea, depths covered them, sank to the bottom like a stone, etc.). Yet the direct hand of God brings it all about, (He has thrown them into the sea, Your right hand has dashed the enemy to pieces.) Moses is singing of the fact that God can cause the natural to act unnaturally. Don’t be looking at the situation or circumstance as to your reason for rejoicing rather look to God who controls everything.

Vs. 9-10 Take on the thought that Moses sang about in the third verse, “The Lord is a man of war.” God is not only able in His sovereignty to control the natural, he is also able to prevail over those who arrogantly pursued Israel. Notice all the “I will’s” of the Egyptians. Yet in contrast to how “positive” Egypt was, God is the one Who had victory over the mightiest army in the world at that time! He blew the wind and they sank like lead. What this song reminds us is that we should not doubt God no matter what enemy is pursuing us, as long as the Lord fights our battles we can move forward in confidence.

Vs. 11-13 These verses look at the Lords character and nature drawing the conclusion from what He did. Moses and the Israelites recognize the greatness and goodness of God, as being far above any other. What is great here is that when you go back to chapter 6: 7 you read, “I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” After accomplishing what He said He would do Moses and the Israelites praise Him. The events in our lives are designed with the same in view. The goal is to reveal more of His character and nature to us. I pray that we to learn to sing His praise.

The first 13 verses of this song was about God’s defeat of Egypt, the next 4 verses deal with how that victory will defeat Israel’s future enemies. Using a sports world term, we are talking about momentum! An Israel has a ton of it now. Then came into the match with Egypt huge underdogs, and into the forth quarter they were seen as an army. But how would they hold up in the pressures of the forth quarter? They wiped them out! This was just the first game of the season. God had not only promised to bring them out of Egypt he had promised to bring them to the land of promise.

Vs. 14-16 Here they sing about how this victory will be received by the nations who now occupy the land that God had promised their forefathers. Some 40 year’s latter, as they entered Jericho Rahab told the Israelite spies, “For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when you came out of Egypt,”. God uses one victory in our lives to build the next one. Then in the very next sentence Rahab recalls what God did to “the two kings of the Amorites who were on the other side of the Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom you utterly destroyed.” That’s the chiefs of Edom mentioned in verse 15. In verse 16 Moses even uses some of the same words used in the destruction of Egypt to describe what God will do to the future battles, the Egyptians sunk as a stone the future enemies will be as still as stone. Your angel passes over Israel, now Israel will pass over their enemies.

Vs. 17 Based upon these facts as seen in the victory over the Egyptians God will bring them into the land of promise. I believe God would have us remember how He has brought about victories in our lives through trusting in Him. And as Paul says to the Church at Philippi that we can be, “confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ.”

III.) Vs. 18-21 Let’s dance to the music

Vs. 18 What a great and glorious promises! It does not say that Israel shall rein forever and ever; it is only the Lord that shall rein but according to 2 Tim 2:12 “We shall also reign with Him.”. His victory is ours!

Vs. 19 Again Israel’s hope and future is tied to God’s deliverance. So to is ours! Our hope is in the finished work of Christ. Whom we are told in Heb. 12, is “the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Vs. 20-21 Miriam is back into the picture the first time since chapter 2, where she was instrumental in saving here brother Moses. I’m not sure how this song went but it appears to the words of verse 21 as an oft-repeated chorus. I love the fact that this old woman got up and led the women in praise to God. I don’t think you would get many of us middle age cool people starting this out. But the young and the old are not worried about how they appear before others.

There is no more spirituality in emotionalism as there is in being ultra reserved it all has to do with the heart of the one that worships. Worship is a participation exercise; God forbid it becomes a performance. When you sing unto the Lord you do so for the audience of One. So old Miriam with a tumbrel in her hand a song in her heart and movement in her feet went out to lead the nation in the spontaneous praise to the Lord.

IV.) Vs. 22-27 How did that song go again?

Vs. 22 Here we have the setting of their first movement as freed people. I kind of think that this song was being sung not just by the sea but as they started their hike into the wilderness of Shur. Over 2 million of them walking out trusting God with this great song in their heart. Three days goes by and the supply of water starts to dwindle. The first day that chorus could be heard every where, “For He has triumphed gloriously..” The next day, there were less people singing but most of them were perhaps still humming it. By the third day no body was singing or humming any more. Can you imagine going into that camp after the third day and you start to sing the song again and you get dirty looks. “Hey knock it off with that dumb water song, don’t you get it we don’t have any more water!” “Three days and not a drop, you sing one more bar of that thing and I’ll drown you in the first mud puddle we come too!” Where was the praising God for victories in the future? Where was the praise to God who can take the natural and use it super-naturally?

Vs. 23 Then, just as the song had died out some one says in the camp that they see some water a distance off. Then the song starts to get sung again! Imagine the disappointment? As some of them scooped up a handful of that water and found it undrinkable? Things that we expected to turn out the way we wanted them to not doing so. Were parched for good news only to find ourselves choking on disappear.

Vs. 24 When we get our eyes onto our situation as the reason to praise God then the waters will always be bitter. Don’t praise God because He does what you want. No when things come out the way you want you should praise Him for what that shows is that He loves you and knows what you need before we ask. Man do we ever forget His character and promise’s quickly. Praise Him for Who He is, which can be seen in what He does.

Vs. 25 So Moses does what we all should do cry out to the Lord and the Lord instructs Moses to place this tree into the water, which makes it drinkable. We do not know what kind of tree this was or any thing like that. But it is interesting to look at this symbolically for a moment. Water always represents the word of God and the cross is often called the tree. We often don’t find obedience to the word sweet but when we place the cross of grace in it makes the water sweet! When you lose your joy in the Lord go back to the Word of God and remember how He has worked on your behalf and it will quench your thirst every time. It was a test and they failed. They won the war but lost the battle. God does not create joy by new surroundings He creates new surroundings by joy! They were singing the right song, but failed to understand that the chorus should have been, “Who is like You, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like You, glorious in holiness, Fearful in praises, doing wonders?” It’s a rhetorical question, which we must never forget the answer!

Vs. 26 Here God promises that if they obey the word of God then they will see health. It is interesting that all the dietary laws were what caused them to stay healthy. God is again showing Himself worthy to be trusted in our lives.

Vs. 27 Seven miles away was this oasis at Elim with 12 wells of water and 70 date palms. How many sons of Jacob were there? How many left from Canaan to go to Egypt because of a famine? If you guessed 12 and 70 you got it right! The Lord saying to them by placing them here by this oasis, “You can trust me because I always take care of your needs!”